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Epiphyllum, variety and cultivation: what are thevarietymost appreciated, the botanical characteristics and the treatments. How to cultivateEpiphyllum, the nocturnal succulent plant.
It's aplantof the familyCactacea, is devoid of thorns and originally from America. It is highly appreciated for its peopleflowers enough to find ample space in thecultivationhousekeeper.
In nature, the plant grows on large trees or on cliffs where the air is rich in humidity. L'epiphyllumit grows by sinking its slender roots into residual substances that form between the branches of large trees (decaying leaves, mosses, residues of animal metabolism…).
How to cultivateEpiphyllum
From what has been said, it is clear that forcultivate the epiphyllumyou need modest amounts of soil which must be soft and peaty. The soil must be kept constantly moist, even in winter.
Thereplantwants abundant fertilization: administer a fertilizer for cacti from March to September and be sure to keep theepiphyllum in vasein an area of the house where the direct rays of the sun do not shine and above all where temperatures are never below 10 ° C.
The plant needs a bright, humid, warm but not too sunny environment.
There are countless on the market variety and also hybrids, by crossing the epiphyllum with other species of the genus Echinopsis. The most common species are:
- Epiphyllum anguliger
- Epiphyllum crenatum
- Epiphyllum oxypetalum
While the plants known by the nameEpiphyllum ackermanniiin reality it is not an Epiphyllum but a Discocactus. The species was calledEpiphyllum ackermannii in 1800 while today the plant was classified as a cactacea of the Discocactus genus, so it is improper to speak ofEpiphyllum ackermannii. As for the needs and care to be devoted to all species evariety of Epiphyllumthere are no great variations considering the habitat of similar origin for each species.
Characterized by flowers up to 25 cm in diameter, white petals (white Epiphyllum) very fragrant. The blooms are generous: theplant blooms at nightand following the flowers a bright red fruit develops. The fruit is produced only if the flower is fertilized with pollen from another plant. Epiphyllum oxypetalum is shown in the photo above.
Also in this case we are talking about an Epiphyllum with white flowers but if theEpiphyllum oxypetalumis a night flowering plant, E. crenatum is appreciated for its daytime blooms. They also existvarietyof differentcolorsmany colored hybrids are obtained with crosses with plants of the genus Discocactus (among these epiphyllum red, epiphyllum yellow…). If it does not bloom, in spring, exposing the plant to an extra amount of light (even in full sun) could be a good strategy to stimulate the emission of new shoots. THEflowersthey arrive in late spring or early summer. The flowers are 15-20 cm wide and even if night flowering varieties are grown, they remain open for several days.
It is a variety of the Crenatum species. It differs in more collected stems and semicircular leaves. The color of the flowers may vary.
Also known asEpuphyllum yellow:the flowers, 6-7 cm wide, produce a pleasant odor at night. They are pale yellow or yellow-pink. The fruit, in this case, is brown, green or yellowish, oval in shape and 3 - 4 cm in diameter. The flower is shown in the photo in the middle of the page.
Epiphyllum: seeds and cultivation
It is not always easy to find the variety ofepiphyllumdesired, however, thanks to the online purchase it is possible to access plants and seeds of any variety. For example, "at this Amazon page" you can buy seeds of the most sought after varieties of Epiphyllum. They are not missingvarietyred flower or two color flower.
Theresowing it's not particularly difficult. How to sow Epiphyllum? You will need to prepare a sand and peat seedbed and bury the seedsto a depth of 1-2 centimeters. During the germination period you will need to keep the soil constantly humid and the environment warm. When to sow? In a covered environment at any time of the year, to germinate the seeds you will need to maintain an average temperature of no less than 20-22 ° C.
It can be useful: how to protect succulents from the cold