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Poinsettia, cultivation and careof the poinsettia (Poinsettia pulcherrima or Euphorbia pulcherrima). How to make it flourish and how to cure it all year round.
Everyone knows her as a poinsettia, but her botanical name isPoinsettia pulcherrima or Euphorbia pulcherrima. We are talking about a plant that enters the homes of almost every Italian during the Christmas period. The plant often only lasts a couple of months… that's why we will see on this pagehow to cure itin spring, summer and autumn so as to make it survive until the following Christmas.
Poinsettia pulcherrima or Euphorbia pulcherrima
After the holiday season, thepoinettia or euphorbia pulcherrimait can become part of the kit of indoor plants grown at home. Thereplantit's easy tocure, even if not everyone will be able to make the colored bracts (what we commonly callflowersthey are actually modified leaves)… tooif it doesn't bloom, the poinsettia remains a beautiful houseplant, with leaves of atypical colors and different from most indoor plants. In any case, in this plant I will give you all the information forcultivateiscureEuphorbia or poinettia so as to obtain a new flowering.
The poinsettia is a tree!
Here's the news you don't expect, the speciesPoinsettia pulcherrima or Euphorbia pulcherrima,that is the communeChristmas Star, in nature it can reach and exceed a height of 3 - 4 meters. It is a small onetreewhich, in the regions of origin, with a warm climate, thrives in the forests. The poinsettia tree grows spontaneously in nature in the deciduous tropical forests at moderate altitudes from the south of Sinaloa (in Mexico) along the entire Pacific coast, up to Chiapas and Guatemala. The plant is native to Mexico. What we buy during the Christmas period is a young specimen, with hollow herbaceous stems, it is the most fragile form of the plant. With growth, the plant - if well kept - can reach an interesting height even if grown injar.
Poinsettia, cultivation and care
First, remove the transparent paper that wraps theChristmas Star, that decorative paper makes theplantmore graceful but it steals light and intensifies the risk of diseases and water stagnation.
The plant should be placed in a very bright place but not in the vicinity of drafts because temperature changes can causeleaf falland prevent a futureflowering.
In the ideal, thepoinsettiait should be placed in a bright area and with temperatures between 15 and 20 ° C. Therefloweringit lasts longer when the plant is kept at temperatures between 16 and 18 ° C.
When to water the poinsettia
The soil must never be completely dry. Larger plants need more water. Forwaterthe plant correctly, keep an eye on the saucer and empty it ten minutes after the water supply.
Repotting the poinsettia
If the vegetation is disproportionately large to the container, be carefulrepotting. It is possible that in your pot there is not a single plant but several shrubs that share the same substrate. If you want, you can multiply by dividing stems and roots but be very careful not to damage the delicate root system. For therepottinguse well-drained soil obtained by mixing peat, sand and perlite.
Can the poinsettia be transplanted into the garden?
No, in reality this practice is not recommended for everyone, even those who live in areas with a milder climate. Those who really want to experiment: only when the plant has reached a high development, with robust stems, can only those who live in Southern Italy, where bananas and dates also grow well, can try to transplant poinsettia in the garden.
How to cure poinsettia in spring and summer
When the outside temperatures have stabilized around 15 ° C (even at night), thepoinsettia in vaseit can be moved outside. The location must be bright but away from direct sunlight. In spring, they will need to be wet only once a week. Fertilize the poinsettia in early summer with a fertilizer rich in potassium and phosphorus. In October, with the arrival of autumn, bring the plant back inside.
For other tips: how to cure the poinsettia