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He has been at the side of man for a very long time Arabian horse and still remains at his side being one of the best known and appreciated breeds even in the present time. Its appearance is elegant, which never hurts, and it is not obvious for a horse because in some breeds the lines of the body become stocky. That's not the case. Her thin skin and hers bright hair, they cover long-limbed and powerful muscles, with the legs ending in small and hard hooves.
Let's get to know its characteristics and its character better without neglecting its origins which are truly fascinating. And finally, some indications on the farms that today in Italy raise this breed and to which we can eventually turn to buy one.
Arabian horse: origins
When we said that it has always been at the side of man, it was not a way of saying, because the origins of this breed date back to 3.000 BC. The first centuries of coexistence are not well documented but we hear about this breed in the 6th century AD. In this period it was already bred by bedouins selectively, with the same identical criteria that we still use today with the only difference that we are left with three types of the main sects of the past.
Today we mainly speak of Bedouin Arab, pure Arab and Arab race. In the first case we are identifying the original Arabic with the two three subcategories: kuhailan, resistant and powerful; siglavy, beautiful and elegant; muniqi, light and very fast. The Arabic of pure breed'It is the Arabic we know all over the world and it is none other than the descendant of the three types just mentioned. If instead we are talking about "Arab race ", we mean the horses of oriental blood in general which have very similar appearance to those of the horses seen previously but are not the same thing and have a family tree of their own that marks kinship with other horses such as the Berber, with the Arab-Persian and with Syrian.
Over time the Arabian horse, being the most typical from an aesthetic point of view, has been used over and over again to improve other breeds around the world, even that of the English thoroughbred. This breed arrived in Europe also thanks to an Italian, Carlo Claudio Camillo Guarmani, one of the pioneers of the breed together with the English Lady Anne Blunt.
Arabian horse: characteristics
A classic Arabian horse can measure about one and a half meters in height, the standard indicates a scissor between 145 and 156 cm, for a weight equivalent of approx 380 - 490 kg. It has a small and elegant head and its coat can be gray, bay, chestnut, black and roan. These indications on the standard of the Arabian horse leave out a very important detail that makes the breed unique, the fact of having one vertebra less. It is not a trifle, because the back is consequently shorter than that of other horses and allows the Arabian horse to show off a particularly compact physique that makes it suitable for particular sport and duties.
Among the specialties of the Arabian horse we have all endurance sports such asEndurance in which he has to run even 160 km. If you have ever had the good fortune to see one of these horses run, you have certainly noticed that it appears to fly, but powerfully and confidently, with great dignity even in the way its tail moves as it moves forward.
Arabian horse: character
Fast and with a nervous and powerful character, this horse requires the presence of an expert person who knows how to keep the reins of the situation, even when it is used. for trekking and endurance, or as a light fast draft animal or as a field mate. Even with its not always accommodating character, if you know how to take it in a short time it proves to be a very animal loyal, courageous and most generous towards the man to whom he lends his services.
Arabian horse: reproduction
In the horse the reproductive instinct is quite high as imaginable. It usually happens that the stallion fertilizes the mares of his "harem" during that part of his life that sees him neither too young nor too old in age and does so choosing very carefully, discarding those that are too young or that are not to his taste for various reasons.
The mating season is that of spring, starting sometimes already from February and arriving until July, the real season of the mating is that of April, May and June. Females are fertile only up to 15 years of age while for males the period is much longer and starts from two years of life, then the gestation lasts longer than the human one, eleven months, usually only one foal is born at a time . Twin births are very rare.
Arabian horse: care
Today the specimens of this beautiful breed are bred and domesticated not because work alongside man but so that they can be used for recreational or sports activities or for competitions. It was not like that once.
The Bedouins have bred and mounted them for many years tending them in captivity and using them to move into the desert. Apparently they have always been loyal and reliable companions, and even faster than other transport animals such as camels and dromedaries.
In a later period during the war these horses were reserved for important characters because of their speed and agility but also for their appearance which was undoubtedly suitable for those who held a particular role, for example Napoleon.
Arabian horse: breeding in Italy
In Italy, from South to North, we can find over 50 farms of Arabian horses, some who breed only this, others who have others as well. Here are three of them in Tuscany, Sicily and Lazio.
In Grosseto, for example, we find a stud farm that holds both the French and American galloping Arabian horses: the stud farm Evolution Horse. In the province of Rome, in Anguillara Sabazia we find theClodia breeding, which holds the Anglo-Arabs or Arabs, while in Sicily in Pace del Mela, in the province of Messina, there is a breeding of Arabian horses also trained for morphology competitions, the Kaftara Arabians Farm.
You may also be interested in our related article with the complete list of all horse breeds.