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THE natural dyes they are - as can be guessed from the same name - coloring substances obtainable from products present in nature, basically food.
Making them in your home is not difficult at all. In fact, it is sufficient to have a space large enough to contain several buckets and a few containers, consumables and, of course, a little time. It is also recommended to dye outdoors or in a dedicated room, instead of in the kitchen, due to the odors and disorders that some plant pigments could create.
That said, when it comes to choosing the fabric to dye, there are many alternatives available to you, such as wool, silk, cotton, hemp. Also know that everyone will respond to a given dye differently, and that some fabrics may saturate more easily, and others less so.
Furthermore, it does not matter what the material is: it should still be washed before the start of the dyeing process. This will allow the cloth to better absorb the colors in which they are soaked.
Having introduced the above, let us illustrate a few natural dyes that you can easily get to your home.
Let's start with red cabbage. It is enough to cut five times the amount of red cabbage in proportion to the dye fabric into strips, and then lay a layer of red cabbage, a layer of fabric and again a layer of red cabbage, until exhaustion.
Then, fill the pot with warm water and let everything soak overnight. The next day, carefully heat the dye bath to a maximum of 80 ° C, leave it at this temperature for an hour or two, and then let it cool. Then, remove the dye fabric from the state it is in and, after allowing it to dry, you will get a rich purple tint.
Red cabbage dyes silk very well, while only very delicate gray - purplish shades are obtained on wool.
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The coffee it is one of the elements that best lends itself to natural dyes, considering that it is found in practically all homes, or almost. Also, you often find yourself with a type of coffee that isn't particularly suited to your taste or that has been left in a corner of the cupboard and forgotten.
Well, these leftovers can be used for natural coloring: obviously the more coffee you use, the darker the results will be.
The recipe for using coffee as a natural colorant is very simple. Boil the ground coffee for about half an hour, let it cool and filter it. Then, add the dye fabric in a container to be heated, simmering for about half an hour. Then, remove them from their state in order to achieve the typical coffee brown color.
In general, the results on silk will be much lighter than on wool, resulting in a sort of beige.
Also there carrot, especially if using fresh carrots, it can be an important natural colorant. For dyeing, it is enough to use double the amount of carrots in proportion to the dye fabric. Then, heat everything in a container by boiling for about two hours.
Proceeding in a similar way to what we have already summarized, the result you will get will be a bright spring yellow. It is possible to make a second dye, which produces a much lighter yellow.
Both dried and fresh flowers can be used for dyeing hibiscus. Use twice the amount of dried flower sepals by weight in proportion to the dye and let it soak for a few hours, or overnight. After soaking, boil for half an hour, let it cool and filter the flowers into a dye bag. Add this to the fabric to be dyed and, in a container, heat slowly until boiling. Leave the fabric in its dye bath for half an hour or an hour.
There onion peel it is a very delicate natural dye and therefore it will take some time before you have collected enough for dyeing. However, if there is a farmer, a shop or an organic market nearby, you can certainly ask him for the skins.
The onion skins should be soaked overnight and boiled for one to two hours the next day. Then let it cool and filter into a dye bag to place in the container where you will place the fabric. Heat slowly and simmer for half an hour or an hour.