Pear tree: how to plant and prune it

Pear tree: how to plant and prune it

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The However it's a fruit tree rather easy to cultivate and, compared to its more or less famous "colleagues", also less sensitive to pests and common diseases that affect orchards for most of the year.

Not only. If you want another rather tempting reason to be able to devote time and attention topear tree, know that if the fruit is harvested early, while it is still green on the branches of the trees, you can still keep it for a long time waiting for it to ripen.

Available in standard sizes, or in semi-dwarf or dwarf, the pear trees they are suitable for gardens of any size.

In short, it is a faithful companion for your green area, which we advise you to evaluate carefully: it is a specimen that you should not underestimate, and that could make your fortune in organizing the garden, in order to obtain delicious fruits to eat individually, or to use for preserves, jams, cakes , tarts and much more!

How to plant the pear tree

If you are continuing with the reading of our short guide to the pear tree, it is because you are probably quite intrigued about all the main stages of this specimen's life.

Well, let's start with some ideas on how to plant the pear tree, suggesting that - although pear trees are quite hardy compared to other trees - they are still sensitive to damage from high winds. Therefore, all pear varieties must be particularly protected from the wind in the first three to five years of life, as long as they are robust enough to withstand breezes.

That said, the choice of the type of pear tree to plant it will depend on the characteristics of your garden. Keep in mind that dwarf peri, as the name suggests, are so small that they can easily be grown in pots. In contrast, standard trees require more space and width.

In general, also remember that pear trees should be planted in full sun and with good drainage, with a soil pH normally between 5.5 and 6.5. Pear trees must also be fertilized in the early spring stages, about 2 weeks before flowering. Fertilizers that contain high amounts of nitrogen will encourage fruit production.

How to prune the pear tree

So let's move on to deal with how to prune the pear tree. As a rule, those who own a pear tree tend to prefer pruning in the shape of a "wine glass".

This is a technique that is not too complex, but that you will probably have to carry out with the help of an expert, especially if it is the first time you dedicate yourself to it and especially if your pear tree is quite large.

In principle, this pruning technique aims to remove the central branches to promote air circulation. It is therefore a pruning that not only has aesthetic effects, but has the further objective of improving the quality of fruit production by creating a more appropriate air circulation in the frond.

How to take care of the pear tree in winter

Most varieties of pear trees are not particularly tolerant to cold or, at least, they are less so than apple trees, resisting only rare drops in temperature. Thus, late spring frosts and winter frost can threaten your pear crop, requiring you to take special measures to protect your pear tree's tender flower buds in late winter and early spring.

Read also: Cedar: tree and fruit

But how to do it?

First, you should try to avoid freezing of the tree during the late winter frosts. Therefore, consider - depending on your area of ​​residence - to cover the tree at night with a light blanket to protect it, if the flower and leaf buds have already emerged. Of course, remember to remove the blanket during the day.

Then proceed to prune the pear tree between the middle and the end of winter each year, removing all damaged branches and all those low and touching the ground, or even those that cross or grow inwards. Eliminate any lateral growth to keep the branches stronger on either side of the trunk.

Do not fertilize the pear tree in summer to allow the tree to harden and prepare for the dormant winter season. Finally, remember to remove all the fallen leaves and remove the old fruits from your pear tree during autumn and winter.

Video: My Money Tree Plant -Re-potting, Pruning and Transplant (May 2022).